Gas formation in the large intestine or flatulence is a common health condition that results from fermentation of improperly digested food. Some other causes of flatulence include fluctuation in the bacterial microflora, trapped air in the colon, poor carbohydrate utilization and constipation. In some cases, having flatulence indicates a more serious underlying health condition like irritable bowel syndrome or lactose intolerance.
To avoid developing flatulence some guidelines must be followed.
First is avoiding foods that can cause disturbance in the digested system like beans, peas, onions, whole-wheat bread and carbonated drinks. Dairy products can also cause flatulence for lactose-intolerant people. Avoiding fatty food is also recommended because lipids slows down digestion which can increase the rate of fermentation in the digestive system. Foods that are rich in fiber are also common gas sources.
Aside from refraining to eat foods that can increase the chance of gas formation in the colon, people must take time in eating their food. Eating the food hurriedly can cause disturbance in the process of digestion. A short walk after eating is also recommended. When flatulence is already present, there are drugs that can be readily bought.
Signs of flatulence like bloating and belching often cease naturally but when prolonged, other symptoms like diarrhea, presence of blood in the stool, chest pain, weight loss and pain in the abdominal must be taken into account and consultation with a health professional must be taken into consideration.